(København in danish
) is the capital of the Denmark. The name of the surrounded in Danish is a corruption of Købmandshavn
, that means Port of the Merchants
And one of the more fascinating cities of Europe, counts approximately 1.100.000 inhabitants and is characterized from low constructions encircled from groups of buildings of age of six plans.
The language speech is the Danish
, the official currency is the Danish crown and the practiced religions are the protestant and the baptistry lutheran.
Copenhagen is situated on the eastern costs of the island of Zealand
and in part on the Amager
island, facing the squeezed of Oresund, on the opposite side of which find themselves the swedish town of Malmö and Landskrona
it is an appealing town, almost lacking skyscrapers and composed in big part from buildings from the present period are slow. The needles of the churches characterize the profile of the town, given back except for attractive only from a pair of large modern hotels.
it comes constantly sorted like one of the better town of the world like quality of the life in different international surveys, although the high cost of the life.
it is the metropolis of the training and of the civility. Its inhabitants put into practice both, is between of that with the foreign visitors.
, a long pedestrian road commercial in the center of Copenhagen
, it is the more long than its type all over the world.
it was a village of fishermen until the half of the XII century, when crabbed in importance after became in possession of the bishop Absalon
, that fortified it in 1167. The excellent port encouraged the growth of Copenhagen
until that became an important commerce center. Was repeatedly attached from the League Anseatica
. In 1658-59 it was submitted to a hard siege aside of the Swedish driven from Carlo X
. In 1801 a British fleet guided from Horatio Nelson
combated a large battle, the battle of Copenhagen
, against the Danish navy. When the vessels of the British navy bombed Copenhagen
in 1807, to hinder that it Denmark
It surrendered its fleet to Napoleon, the town underwent serious damages and had been hundred of victims. During the second world war, Copenhagen
it was occupied from the german troops, so like the remainder of the nation, from the April 1940 until the May 1945. From the postwar period the growth of the town is continued considerable.
A feature of Copenhagen
, that gives back it only to the world, it is that it was the first one, in 1962, to create a pedestrian zone lock to the automobiles, so to maintain the wash from smog and calm from noises. Besides it is not reached from the smog for the absence of large industrial installations in the zone.
From the summer of 2000, the town of Copenhagen
and Malmö are connected from a bridge to payment the Bridge of Oresund
, that it allows to the passengers on road or railroad of to go through squeezed it. It was inaugurated in the July 2001 from the king of Sweden
and from the queen Margrethe II
. How resulted, Copenhagen
the center of an immense urban area became that it is extended on everything and two the nations. The construction of the bridge carried a large number of changes in the system of the public transportation and to an extensively replanning of Amager
, to south of the town. However, the bridge was not used intensely how it is hoped, likely because of the high toll, slowing down planned it integration of the region.